Men's Health

Erectile Dysfunction (ED): How To Deal With It And Live A Full Life

Is there a rise in Erectile dysfunction in Australia?

Erectile dysfunction also know as ED, is a very common sex problem that men get as early as 30 years old! Doctors are reporting an increase in this serious issue around the world. Erectile dysfunction or ED can be defined as having trouble getting or keeping an erection that’s firm enough for sex. This can be referred to as a flaccid penis or “semi” for the onset of ED or in its early stages sometimes referred to as impotence. This does not mean you can not reach orgasm or ejaculation if you have ED it just becomes more and more difficult to achieve orgasm. 

Erectile Dysfunction Help

ED and Australia

In Australia, a study shows about 110,000 men above the age of 45 were reported to have ED in one form or another. 20% of this figure has complete erectile dysfunction. This is indeed alarming! Measures need to be taken earlier in life to avoid the onset of this problem. Exercise and a good diet is the first line of defense combating Erectile dysfunction. Though some of this disorder is contributed to genetics and hereditary in some cases. But studies show that the larger amount is contributed to things like smoking, poor diet, lack of exercise and a number of other contributing factors including prostate cancer. 

How ED is treated

The good news is this problem can be managed and even reversed in most cases. By increasing the blood flows into the penis will allow for an erection to occur. There are a number of ways to make this happen. medications like: Viagra, Cialis, Levitra, Stendra are often prescribed. But there are even more options! Things like Penile Implants! or Vacuum Erection Devices are options. However, some of these options may be highly invasive and in cases for older men may be life-threatening. Always get a second opinion from a qualified doctor in the field of Erectile dysfunction or urology when it comes to any kind of surgery. Never settle for the first prognoses. 

It is not rare for a man to have a problem with erections from time to time, this is normal. Erectile problems that are Progressive or happens routinely with sex is not normal and it should be treated or at the very least a visit to the doctor. In the case of prostate cancer catching something like this early can save or extend your life! Even if your not sexually active anymore or do not have any pains or problems urinating it is still wise to visit your doctor an have a blood test done just to be safe and even more important for men over the age of 45. 

What is the best way to treat erectile dysfunction? (2020 update)

Erectile dysfunction can be an awkward subject to talk about, but it’s more common than people think. Like many males, as one get older in age, it can become more difficult for to get aroused at the right time. This can be personally frustrating and embarrassing. Furthermore, it can cause strained relations and negative tensions in the bedroom with a romantic or sexual partner. Oftentimes, this leaves individuals feeling negatively about themselves for something that they believe is out of control.

Luckily, with Cialis in der Schweiz, this situation can be avoided entirely. All one needs to do is take a proper dosage of Cialis, and they will have nothing to worry about! Soon enough, they’ll be getting action exactly where needed. You only need to take Cialis about 30 minutes before sexual activity, and it can last up to 36 hours, making it convenient and easy to use. Cialis is preferred over Viagra because its effects can last significantly longer than Viagra’s.

Cialis is an incredibly reliable product that you can depend on to help you perform exactly when you need it. Get your sex life back in control and make sure to talk to your doctor about receiving a prescription for Cialis.

Here is a list of some of the contributing factors:

  • Heart disease
  • Clogged blood vessels or better know as atherosclerosis
  • High cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Alcoholism and other forms of substance abuse
  • Diabetes
  • Metabolic syndrome, A condition involving increased blood pressure, high insulin levels, fat around the waist and high cholesterol
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Obesity
  • Prescription medications in some cases
  • Tobacco smoking 
  • Heart disease
  • Peyronie’s disease — development of scar tissue inside the penis
  • Sleep disorders
  • Treatments for prostate cancer or enlarged prostate
  • Surgeries and or injuries that affect the pelvic area and or spinal cord


This is a really good exercise that can be done without to much trouble. A study made by The American Journal of Cardiology shows that Aerobics may be a good choice that may help. It is low impact and easy to do.


In other studies, walking shows really good results in gaining control of Erectile dysfunction. Just 20 minutes of walking a day can show good results and increase blood flow through the body including the penis and keeping the vascular system up to par.

Exercises that are effective but see a physician

In closing, if you are experiencing any of the symptoms or signs described in this article, see your doctor right away! Even if you are absolutely sure you are OK it is always better to be safe then sorry. In most cases, your health care provider will cover some or all of the cost for simply visits and sometimes surgery if needed. Contact your health care provider for more information.


Managing IBS & Regaining Control In Your Life

Living with Irritable Bowel Syndrome

I am 41 years old and I was diagnosed with Irritable Bowel Syndrome when I was 27 years old. The diagnosis was accompanied by significant abdominal pain. At first, I was completely despondent and unable to leave the house even when I wasn’t feeling terrible. Over the course of a year, I lost a significant amount of weight and muscle mass. My diet was erratic and my appetite didn’t help. When I finally got tired of being sick and tired I found it difficult to participate in any prolonged physical activity. Most simple activities were uncomfortable at best and at their worst were simply too much to be undertaken.


One thing I found that really helped me out was gardening. I could start as slow as I wanted and there was never any rush. If I didn’t feel well I was close to home and I could sit and enjoy the garden even at times that I wasn’t able to physically interact with space around me. Growing vegetables and flowers showed me that I was still capable of producing things even if my pace wasn’t as fast as it had been before I was diagnosed.

Chronic Pain Icd 10

How physical activity helps

From that physical activity, I was able to gain more self-confidence and more stamina. From there I was able to participate in more activities and became more comfortable with spending extended time periods away from home. In many ways having a garden was the most positively transformative experience in my healing. I would not have guessed that gardening could be a true therapy for Irritable Bowel Syndrome, but the evidence was in front of me. Since I was producing vegetables, but my system still had difficulty digesting them, I bought a juicer and started making all kinds of concoctions from my daily harvests.

Diet matters

Kale leaves, tomatoes, spinach, broccoli and usually a lemon and an apple to make things sweet, I would make juices that finally let me feel alive again and did not irritate my system. To be able to have these nutritious juices from the vegetables that I had grown myself made me feel prouder than anything else I had accomplished so far. To this day I drink fresh juice 3-4 times daily and still always feel so much more alive when I drink the juice from leafy green vegetables. It also seems to calm my intestines and settle any rumbling that may be happening. I’m awfully glad I was able to find these avenues of dealing with my illness.

It’s a journey

Without some positive outcomes, it would have been such an immense emotional burden that I think I would have been disabled. Far from being disabled though, I was able to land a well paying and flexible job that I’ve held on to for the last 12 years. I have succeeded in many areas that I thought would be closed off to me and recently ended up taking up archery and spending extended periods outdoors. I thought those kinds of activities were closed to me after my diagnosis but it turns out that with practice and the right attitude, Irritable Bowel Syndrome doesn’t have to sequester you in your home or keep you from doing the things you want to do. Sure, there may be times it gets in the way of you fully enjoying yourself but just because it gets in the way one afternoon doesn’t mean that you have to let it get in the way of your activities every afternoon.

Exercise is key

Get some exercise. Get some new thoughts in your head. Practice going outside and practice enjoying things and thinking of something besides your illness. Acting healthy is one of the biggest pieces of being healthy and if you can get yourself to do more healthy things every day that you are going to be more healthy every day. That’s just the way things work and you have to just go do what you can when you can. You won’t always be able to, but don’t let that get you down. There’s always tomorrow and you just have to keep getting up and trying again. You will succeed and just as with all things all you really need to do is practice and let yourself succeed at the goals you set for yourself.

Men's Health

Prostate Cancer: When Will Science Eradicate It Entirely

Prostate Cancer And How It’s Treated

One of the major cancer concerns men will face is prostate cancer. Specifically, this cancer is found in the gland known as the prostate. The prostate gland is located near the bladder and is the size of a walnut. It produces seminal fluid and carries the semen. This cancer affects more than three million people in the United States and according to the

First Signs

Prostate Cancer Foundation of Australia, one in seven men will be diagnosed with this disease. Knowing the first signs of prostate cancer, the fundamentals of determining its presence and what can be done to treat it are some of the basics in addressing this disease. Catching any cancer early is essential and that is no different for prostate cancer. In the early stages, it is easy to treat. Initially, symptoms are insignificant, but as it advances, signs begin developing. These symptoms can include difficulty urinating such as the flow being reduced. Blood showing up in the semen, difficulty maintaining or achieving an erection, bone pain and pelvic tenderness are further symptoms or signs of advancing prostate cancer.

Can't Get An ErectionPrognosis Prostate Cancer


At first signs of the previously mentioned symptoms, it is recommended that a person see their doctor. There are two standard screening tests, the digital rectal exam and prostate antigen test through a blood test. Diagnosing cancer is done through an ultrasound, MRI and a biopsy of the gland itself. According to the Mayo Clinic, the best method is a collaboration of these three options. Once the disease presence is determined the next course of action is to determine treatment.

Treatment options

There are many methods to treat this disease and in some cases, no treatment immediately is necessary. In other situations, surgery is needed immediately. Robots are frequently used for surgery due to their precision when making the incision in the abdomen. This procedure of removing the entire prostate gland and surrounding lymph nodes is not without risks. Permanent urinary complications and erectile dysfunction are common problems with the surgery. Surgery does not always guarantee that every cancer cell has been removed.


Radiation is the next option that has the purpose of killing the cancerous cells. It is provided through two means. Externally through a high powered beam aimed at the site of the prostate or internally through a device the size of a grain of rice placed near the gland location. This is called brachytherapy. This last method provides a low dose of radiation on a slow-release. As with most treatments, there are side effects that include erectile dysfunction, diarrhea, and urinary pain.

Hormone therapy

Another method of treatment is hormone therapy. This treatment causes a person’s body to stop producing testosterone. Stopping the production of testosterone inhibits the feeding and supplements to the cancer cells, which results in their death. There are medications designed to stop the production of testosterone as well as surgery to remove the entire testes. Some newer medications can stop the hormone from reaching the cancer cells.


Cryosurgery is a form of surgery that freezes the tissue to kill the cancerous cells. This is an ultrasound-guided surgery where needles are properly placed and gasses are supplied to go directly to the site. Then, they freeze the tissue and reverse it to “thaw” it back to the proper temperature. This is a procedure that is becoming more commonly used.


Chemotherapy is used most commonly to treat cancers that have spread from their original site. it is provided through veins in IV form or as a pill. These are strong medications that will kill most cancer cells and are cancer-specific.


Immunotherapy uses the person’s own body to kill the cancerous cells. The person’s immune system is boosted by taking some of their own cells and genetically engineering them in a lab, then placing them back into their body to fight the cancer cells. According to the Mayo Clinic, this is used frequently in advanced and recurring cancer.

Alternative treatments

According to most sources, there are no effective alternative therapies that work for treatment. However, there is a belief that they do help when used to support traditional treatment. Many find that the use of music, art, prayer, and conversation helps with the coping of facing the disease treatment. Effectively treating this disease is based initially on early discovery, so it is recommended to see your doctor on a prescribed basis due to a person’s likeliness to contract prostate cancer.

Men's Health

Don’t Wait Until It’s Too Late For The Prostate: A Detailed Look At Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer Among Men

Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in the prostate: a small nut-shaped gland in men that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. This disease affects one in five men. The signs that you can suffer from this disease are:

  • Weak or interrupted urine flow
  • Sudden urge to urinate
  • Frequent need to urinate (especially at night)
  • Difficulty starting the flow of urine
  • Difficulty emptying the bladder completely
  • Pain or burning when urinating
  • Blood in the urine or semen
  • Back, hip or pelvic pain that does not go away
  • Shortness of breath, very tired, fast heartbeat, dizziness or pale skin due to anemia

There are some tests that can identify this serious disease

Physical exam and history: An exam of the body to check the general state of health and identify any signs of illness, such as masses or anything else that seems abnormal. Data are also taken on the health habits and the history of previous illnesses and treatments.


  • Digital rectal exam (EDR): The doctor or nurse inserts a finger covered by a lubricated glove into the rectum to palpate the prostate through the rectum wall and detect lumps or abnormal areas.
  • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test: a laboratory test that measures PSA levels in the blood. PSA is a substance that is produced mostly in the prostate; Sometimes it is found in greater amounts in the blood of men who have prostate cancer. It is possible that PSA levels are also high in men who have an infection or inflammation of the prostate, or have benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH; enlarged prostate, but not cancerous).
  • Transrectal ultrasound: A procedure where a finger-sized probe is inserted into the rectum to examine the prostate. The probe is used to bounce high-energy sound waves (ultrasound) into tissues or internal organs and create echoes. The echoes form an image of body tissues called ultrasound. It is possible to use transrectal ultrasound during a biopsy. This is called a transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy.
  • Transrectal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): a procedure that uses a magnet, radio waves, and a computer to create a series of detailed images of internal areas of the body. A probe is inserted through the rectum that emits radio waves near the prostate. This helps the MRI machine make clearer images of the prostate and surrounding tissue. Transrectal MRI is done to determine if cancer has spread outside the prostate to nearby tissues. This procedure is also called nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Sometimes transrectal MRI is also used during a biopsy. In that case, it is called transrectal MRI guided biopsy. Some factors affect the likelihood of recovery such as:

The stage of cancer (PSA concentration, Gleason score, grade group, parts of the prostate with cancer and if cancer has spread to other parts of the body).

The patient’s age

If the cancer was recently diagnosed or recurred (returned)
The causes of this disease are not yet clear to specialists, the information they handle is that prostate cancer begins when some cells in the prostate become abnormal. Abnormal cell DNA mutations cause them to grow and divide more rapidly than normal cells. Abnormal cells continue to live when other cells would die. The accumulation of abnormal cells forms a tumor that can grow and invade nearby tissue. In addition, some abnormal cells may break off and spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body.

Risk factors

Age: It is very likely that elderly people will increase the probability of having prostate cancer

Family history: If any man in your family had prostate cancer, your risk may be higher. Also, if you have a family history of genes that increase your risk of breast cancer (BRCA1 or BRCA2) or a significant family history of breast cancer, your risk of having prostate cancer may be higher.

Obesity: Obese men with prostate cancer may be more likely to develop the disease at an advanced stage that is more difficult to treat.

How to prevent prostate cancer

Follow a healthy diet with lots of fruits and vegetables. Avoid foods high in fat and, instead, focus on choosing a variety of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Fruits and vegetables contain many vitamins and nutrients that can help improve your health. Choose healthy foods instead of supplements. There are no studies that have shown that supplements play a role in reducing the risk of prostate cancer. Better, choose foods rich in vitamins and minerals so you can maintain healthy levels of vitamins in the body. Exercise most days of the week. Exercise improves overall health, helps you maintain weight and improves your mood. There is some evidence that men who do not exercise have higher levels of specific prostate antigen, while men who exercise may have a lower risk of prostate cancer.


Try to exercise most days of the week. If you have never exercised, start slowly and gradually increase the exercise time each day.
Maintain a healthy weight. If your current weight is healthy, work to keep it exercising most days of the week. If you need to lose weight, increase the amount of exercise and reduce the number of calories you eat daily. Ask your doctor to help you create a healthy weight loss plan.
Ask your doctor about the increased risk of prostate cancer. Men who are at high risk for prostate cancer may consider taking medications or doing other treatments to reduce their risk. Some studies indicate that taking 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors, including finasteride (Propecia, Proscar) and dutasteride (Avodart), may reduce the overall risk of getting prostate cancer. These medications are taken to control the enlargement of the prostate gland and hair loss in men. However, some evidence indicates that men who take these medications may be at a higher risk of having a more severe form of prostate cancer (high-grade prostate cancer). If you are worried about your risk of getting prostate cancer, talk to your doctor.

Men's Health

Do I Have Prostate Cancer? How to Detect Prostate Cancer and What Your Next Steps Should Be

Bathroom Breaks

Prostate cancer has become a very large problem for men. The prostate gland is an organ that is only found inside of males.

While there are many reasons for prostate cancer, but it is a medical problem that affects millions of men every single year.


To determine if you have prostate cancer, doctors will have to use a camera to look inside the rectum and find your prostate. A doctor or medical practitioner will determine if there are any cysts or growths that could prove deleterious to your health.

Doctors who specialize in spotting these types of cancers are looking for growths that could be cancerous. Cancer cells are cells that can grow uncontrollably, which can spread throughout the rest of the body.

Treat Prostate Cancer

That’s why having this form of cancer can be very dangerous for men. These cancer cells in the prostate that are growing and taking over the rest of the body are the same cells that helped the prostate to function!

Even though there are growths in the prostate, it doesn’t mean that they are cancerous. They can be benign growths, meaning the masts of cells are not cancerous, or malignant. Benign growths are not considered to be a direct danger to the life of the patient like cancer cells would be.

Benign cells are not trying to invade the other tissues in your body. However, cancer cells spread their DNA throughout the body, which is why the aggressive form of cancers can result in death. These cells work to convert all other cells to cancerous ones. Cancerous cells can spread fast by replicating.

Thus, it is important to receive regular checkups to prevent any unwanted growths in the prostate or anywhere else in the body. Unfortunately, the smallest lumps in the body could be cancerous cells.

Antibiotics and Cancer Treatments

Regarding cancer and the idea of using antibiotics to treat cancer, a big question that is asked is whether antibiotics or the immune system as a whole could fight off the cancerous cells. Unfortunately, antibiotics cannot treat cancer.

Cancer cells and normal body cells act the same. So, if a patient took antibiotics to fight off the cancerous cells, the end result would be you killing off your normal cells.

The other solution that people think of, which is completely wrong, is the premise that the immune system can fight the cancer cells.

Cancer cells are the same as normal cells in this regard. Your body’s immune system is unable to detect how they can be dangerous to the body. The immune system sees cancer cells as the same as normally functioning ones.

The body cannot fight off the cancer with medicine or antibiotics. And treatments for prostate cancer vary. Treatments that have been developed and applied will depend on the aggressiveness of the cancerous cells and the stage that the cancer cells are in.

If it is caught early enough, doctors and surgeons can actually remove the cancerous cells before they spread in the body. While surgery may be a temporary solution, it can delay the cancer cells spreading.

If there are some cancer cells left in the body after surgery, these cells won’t be able to grow as quickly and spread. However, any cancer cells that linger after surgery could eventually grow back.

Patients who have cancer cells in the prostate will require chemotherapy and dangerous radiation treatments. Radiation is a great way to destroy the cancerous cells but it also destroys the normal cells, which can prove problematic.

Unfortunately, patients who undergo radiation treatments are choosing a last resort option. That is why it is important to receive regular prostate examinations and consult with your doctor to prevent such cancers from appearing.

While prostate cancer usually affects men over the age of 50, it is important to consult with your doctor about setting up a plan to receive prostate examinations and discussing any history of prostate cancer in your immediate family.

It is important that your primary care physician to catch these cancerous cells early enough to prevent them from taking over the body and causing imminent death. Indeed, Doctors are able to catch small growths and treat them before they become cancerous.

Men's Health

What is thr most common cancer found only in men?

Blood In Urine

Prostate cancer in Australia


As we end the year of 2019 in Australia, it is estimated that there would have been a total of 19,508 new cases of men being diagnosed with prostate cancer by the close of the year. This makes up about 25 percent of all the new prostate cancer cases diagnosed in 2019 across the world. It is believed that the total number of deaths resulting from prostate cancer is about 3,306 men. Of these reported deaths in Australia, this accounts for about 12 percent of the deaths across the world. Once a man is diagnosed with prostate cancer, he has a 95 percent chance of at least surviving 5 years post-diagnosis. It is estimated that among the Australian populations, there are about 90,354 men living with prostate cancer that has been diagnosed within a 5 year period.

Proton Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer rates


Prostate cancer remains the most diagnosed cancer among all cancers in Australia, this is also true about cancer being diagnosed in men. Most cancers diagnosed in men are of prostate cancer. In 2019, prostate cancer has become the second most diagnosed cancer and definitely the most common among the male population. By the time a man turns the age of 85, he has a 1 in 6 chance of being diagnosed with prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is very common among older men. About 63 percent of the men who are diagnosed with prostate cancer are age 65 and older. The general rate among Australian men for the diagnosis of prostate cancer is about 141 cases per 100,000 men. The chances that a man will develop prostate cancer increase as the man ages. The highest number of prostate cancer diagnosis are usually seen in the age range of 65 to 69 and 70 to 74 years of age.




Over the past 30 years, prostate cancer diagnosis has increased by about 6 fold. Taking this into consideration, prostate cancer has shown to be the third most frequent cancers to die from in Australia and the second most common cause of cancer death among Australian men. It is assumed that prostate cancer will hold its place among the general population and men for Australia’s death occurrence. The risk associated with a man having prostate cancer in Australia and dying by his 85th birthday is moderate. The rate of death at age 85 is about 1 out of every 35 men. More and more men are dying from prostate cancer. The number of deaths is growing as we observe over a 50 year period and the number of deaths has almost quadrupled, consequently this shows a rate decrease in deaths considering the number of men diagnosed has increased 6 fold over a similar time period.


Survival rate


The promising factor if prostate cancer is that men diagnosed with prostate cancer have a 95 percent chance of surviving after they have been diagnosed. Since the occurrence of prostate cancer risk increases over time, much can be said about the survival rate from prostate cancer. Over a 30 year period, the prostate cancer survival rate has improved from 59 to a 95 percent chance of survival.


Early warning signs


Prostate cancer is much like the other cancers we have come to know. It develops and is recognized when cells become abnormal in the prostate gland and they subsequently grow faster than the normal cells, which lead to the formation of a tumor. Early stages of prostate cancer incorporate the growth of cancer cells but they usually do not show to have spread outside the prostate. This also makes early signs of prostate cancer harder to detect as there are no tests available to provide an accurate screen for early prostate cancer cells. Prostate cancer has two stages in its advanced state. One of the advanced stages involves cancer cell growth in the prostate and in other distant parts of the body. The other stage is the prostate cancer cells spread to other close glands near the prostate.

The symptoms that normally indicate that there is a problem that should be looked into are:

  • Frequent urination, (especially at night)
  • Pain during urination
  • Blood in the urine
  • Back or pelvic pain
  • Decrease in the pressure of the urine during urination


Risk increases with age


Sometimes when prostate cancer has spread so far throughout the body unexplained weight loss, pain and exhaustion are observed.
Developing prostate cancer is never an intentional thing, rather there are some factors that may heighten a man’s chances of developing the illness. Some contributing factors may include the natural aging process for men over the age of 50 years old, family history of sex organ cancers, diets that are high in fat content, lower uptake of vegetables and fruits, and high levels of testosterone.

Men's Health

What’s new in prostate cancer detection, prevention and treatment

Prostate cancer poses a risk for men


Prostate cancer arises when neoplastic tissue forms inside the prostate gland, in the lower part of the body of a man. Early prostate cancer can grow slowly inside the prostate and often without any significant symptoms. It may remain in this form for years before becoming more aggressive and won’t spread beyond the originating organ in this phase. Advanced phases of prostate cancer, on the other hand, have a fast growth rate and cancer will start to spread in the neighboring tissues and organs. In its most aggressive form, cancer goes through a rapid metastasis and the cancer cells will spread all over the body creating secondary tumors even in distant organs.


In Australia, prostate cancer is the second most common form of cancer in men after skin cancer. Around 14% of males develop this tumor by the age of 85. As stated before, symptoms may be present in earlier stages or they may not. Among the symptoms, a patient may experience a changed urgency in the need to urinate as well as some difficulties in doing this physiological function in general. There may be blood in the semen or urine and sometimes local pain can also be a symptom of prostate cancer.

Prostate Cancer Treatment

Risk and heredity


Prostate cancer can be a familial trait so is very important to understand that if a male relative has developed prostate cancer there is a major risk of contracting it. It’s also an aging disease, with an increased risk of developing prostate cancer as a man gets older. Other risk factors associated with prostate cancer but not well understood yet are the consumption of food rich in fats and processed meat combined with a sedentary lifestyle.




Diagnoses of Prostate cancer is conducted via Biopsy: by removing a small sample of tissue and then analyzing it. Before making the decision to have a bioptic examination, doctors require an examination to analyze if indicators of ongoing cancer are present. The first step is the PSA test. PSA or “Prostate-Specific Antigen”, is a protein that increases in the bloodstream when there is an inflammation in the prostate. Typically, men without prostate tumors have a PSA value under four nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL), men with values between 4 and 10 ng/Ml have a chance of 25% to have prostate cancer, while higher values can lead to percentages around the 50%. Thus if the blood test values are higher of 4 ng/mL subsequent investigation is necessary to exclude the presence of cancer.


PSA test


The PSA test is also used to determine the stage, Gleason grade and whether it is likely to respond to treatment in patients affected by prostate cancer. When the PSA test is positive, a practitioner can conduct a digital rectal examination for further investigation. DRE exams consist of an inspection conducted manually by a doctor inside the rectum, to inspect abnormalities or eventual hard spots in the gland. Only after this examination a doctor may recommend a biopsy for a reliable diagnose.




A biopsy is an invasive examination and for some time after the procedure, it’s necessary to take antibiotic prophylaxis. It is also possible to have bleeding from the rectum and changes in the color of the semen for a few weeks. It’s always possible to have a false-negative, so in accord with standard procedure with other test results, it may advisable to retake biopsy for certain cases.


Prostate cancer in Australia


In Australia, there isn’t a national prostate screening program like there are for other types of cancer, so it is up to the patient to take tests accordingly with the risk factors in their profile. Talking with a doctor can help assess the benefits and costs of these exams. When prostate cancer is diagnosed by a biopsy, oncologists assign a grade to it by looking at the overall appearance of the neoplastic tissue under a microscope. The main system used all over the world is the Gleason score system. A number from 2 to 10 is assigned to describe the grade of the main part of the tumor and that of a less predominant one. Thus two numbers from 1 to 5 are added to give the final Gleason result. Based on this grading, prostate cancer can be low grade, intermediate grade, and high grade. The lesser the grade, the better the prognosis is for the patient, while higher grades indicate the cancer is more aggressive and prone to spreading out of the prostate gland.


A hopeful prognosis

The prognoses of a patient with prostate cancer are generally better in cases with low-grade tumors but today survival rates are at the highest they have been in five years. In Australia, it is estimated that more than 3,300 male patients died from prostate cancer with chances of survival after 5 years being as high as 95%. Prostate cancer today is treated very effectively, with better performing surgical solutions and with the development of new treatment systems that have dramatically increased the number of survivors and their quality of life.

Men's Health

Prostate Cancer: Risk Factors and the Importance of Early Diagnosis

Pain In Bones

Each year in Australia, there are over 19,000 new cases of prostate cancer diagnosed. The estimated risk for an 85 year old man developing prostate cancer in Australia is 1 and 6. Even though the numbers are daunting, the treatment options are increasing and people are surviving the illness more often. For this reason, it’s important to be screened early and often, as well as know the early warning signs and symptoms of prostrate cancer.

Warning Signs

Some of the early symptoms and warning signs of prostate cancer may be confused with other less serious illnesses. It’s important if you experience any of the following symptoms for the first time, to make an appointment with your medical doctor to rule out any possibility of cancer. The initial symptoms of prostate cancer include more frequent urges to urinate during the nighttime, pain or burning during urination, blood in urine, loss of bladder control, decreased flow of urine, and difficulty with starting and stopping your urine flow.

Blood In Urine

Other symptoms associated with sexual activity include blood in semen, difficulty getting an erection, and painful ejaculation. Once symptoms progress, advanced signs can include swelling in the legs or pelvic area, numbness in the hands or feet, and bone pain. If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s very important that you contact your medical provider for appropriate testing as soon as possible. Early diagnosis is key in treatment and surviving prostate cancer.


If your doctor is concerned and determines that you need testing after a consultation and exam, there are specific tests that can help rule out or diagnose prostate cancer. One of the initial tests for screening is often the PSA test. The PSA is a prostate-specific antigen test that checks for the presence of elevated levels of this antigen in your blood. Although this is an important test, false positives can occur, because many times a high level of PSA in the blood can be related to other prostate problems such as inflammation or enlargement. Another test called a CTC test may be used in conjunction with the PSA, to determine if there are circulating tumor cells within your bloodstream. Your doctor will likely also order a wide range of other blood work including a CBC (complete blood count), tumor marker tests, and more. Another test, the DRE (also known as the digital rectal exam) helps a doctor see what’s going on in the way a traditional x-ray would allow a doctor to see other parts of your body. In combination, these tests make diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer much easier than it was in the past, ensuring the best chances for a positive outcome.

Treatment Options

If you are diagnosed with prostate cancer, it’s important to know that the five year survival rate in many places is now near 100 percent with appropriate and quick treatment. The ten and fifteen year survival rate remains over 95 percent, so while it can be scary to hear that you have any kind of cancer, you should not let that discourage you from getting treatment immediately. Getting treatment quickly assures your best chance of beating the cancer and surviving. Because this type of cancer grows slowly, your doctor may even just decide to monitor it closely in the beginning stages. If you are over the age of 85, or not showing active symptoms, it’s possible your doctor will just wait and watch the growth of the cancer before beginning an aggressive treatment plan. If you do need treatment however, most treatment involves radiation. Both internal and external radiation is possible for prostate cancer. Other treatment options include traditional chemotherapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, and surgery. Your doctor will decide along with you what the best treatment option is by looking at many factors. One of these factors is the severity of the cancer, whether it has spread or metastasized or not, and your overall age and health. Once a treatment plan is developed and treatment is initiated, your doctor can monitor you to make sure the treatment has been successful, as well as assure that it doesn’t return in the future.

Finding out you have prostate cancer can be a terrible and frightening situation, but with advances in modern medical technology and the statistics behind the survival rates, you should not hesitate to expect a positive outcome. The important thing is awareness, testing, and knowledge of having the cancer. For this reason, it’s important to be screened and always bring any new symptoms to your doctor’s attention.

Men's Health

Prostate cancer: 5 ways to spot it early on and start treatment

Prostate Cancer Terminal

Here is what you need to know about prostate cancer


In this article, you will find all you need to know about prostate cancer, and specifically what you can do about it if you are from Australia. Finding out you have prostate cancer is heartbreaking. It is definitely not something you can plan for or expect, but you certainly do not need to go through it by yourself. First and foremost, if you think you have prostate cancer here are some of the early symptoms to check.




In the beginning, you might not have any symptoms at all. They also differ from person to person so this is not an exhaustive list of all early symptoms. Some of the signs include burning or pain through urination, trouble urinating, frequent urges to go to the bathroom at night, loss of bladder control, blood in your semen or urine, painful ejaculation, or trouble getting or sustaining an erection which is also known as erectile dysfunction. Some more advanced symptoms may be swelling in your legs, numbness in your hips, legs or feet, or any kind of bone pain that does not go away for a while. In addition, the most common sign is a rise in the PSA of the blood. If you do believe that you may have some of these early signs, there is a prostate-specific antigen test that you can take to measure the levels of PSA in the blood. If there is a high reading, it may be a sign of early prostate cancer.

Proton Prostate Cancer



It can also indicate inflammation in some cases. In addition, you may be asked to complete a rectum exam as well for a sample to be sent to a lab to be analyzed. The doctor might also do a biopsy where a tissue sample is removed and examined for any cancer cells that are present. There are a few treatment options for those with prostate cancer if it is diagnosed early before the cancer is able to spread. Prostate cells also grow very slowly so in many cases there is not a need for any urgent treatment. Some options include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, clinical trials, and immunotherapy. Surgery is the most common of the treatments listed and may range from minimally invasive to in some extreme cases, having the doctors remove the entire colon.

There are also other services available, including:

  • Pain management
  • Nutritional support
  • Mind-body support
  • Spiritual support
  • Physical therapy
  • Acupuncture
  • Massage therapy
  • Nerve block therapy
  • Medications
  • Chiropractic treatment




Many patients experience issues with their nutrition, and services are offered to make sure you are getting enough nutrients throughout your treatment. Patients have the option to meet with a registered dietitian and daily goals and an assessment will be completed based on each patient’s individual needs. Nourishing foods will be recommended throughout your cancer care. The goal of these services is so you can remain as healthy and as strong as possible.


Early detection

If found early, the doctor may be able to remove it using a local excision which you do not have to cut through your midsection area. Of course, it depends on how severe and quick the cancer is spreading and your doctor will be able to diagnose which method would be best for each and every individual. If you are fortunate enough to live in Australia, know that there are highly skilled doctors that will be able to assist you every step of the way. Australia is also big on pain management clinics to help you get through your cancer stage. You will never be alone and there will always be support staff to help you along the way.



Finally, if you believe that you have any of the early signs or have a hunch that something is wrong please see a medical practitioner and do not delay. If you are over the age of 50, you should start being tested when you are heading into your physical exams each year just to check in and make sure everything is okay. If you have a higher risk of prostate cancer or have a family history of cancer you may want to see your family doctor more frequently, and even earlier than the age of 50.