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Men's Health

5 Things you’ll be surprised to know about Viagra

Viagra (Sildenafil) is a drug that treats erectile dysfunction.  Erectile dysfunction is when you are unable to produce and maintain an erection for sexual activity.  Erectile dysfunction is a very embarrassing disorder and many people do everything they can to prevent this from happening.  Viagra is a popular drug that prevents this from happening.  This drug also treats high blood pressure in the lungs.  You need a prescription to get this drug.  You should avoid alcohol while taking this drug.

Side effects

There are many side effects of this medication, including-but not limited to: flushing, headache, dizziness, abnormal vision, runny or stuffy nose, nosebleeds, sleep problems, muscle pains, back pains,  or upset stomach.  Viagra usually lasts two to three hours but can last up to five hours depending on your metabolism, health, and other factors.

How its works?

This drug works by reducing the effects of an enzyme which blocks blood flow to the penis, and this allows blood to flow freely to the penis and stimulates an erection.  There are different dose sizes of viagra, ranging from 25 to 100 mg.  Your doctor will prescribe you the correct dosage of this medication and you should not take more than you are directed.

Overdose is dangerous!

If you take too much then you can do damage to your body so it is important to not take too much.  You should not take this medication if you are a woman or if you are under the age of 18.  Viagra can not technically kill you but it can increase your risk of a heart attack if you take it erroneously.

Do you have alternative treatments for erectile dysfunction?

There are other types of erectile dysfunction medications but Viagra is the most common.  This drug is not for treatment of premature ejaculation though.  It has been found that men who take viagra get better sleep than men that do not.  However, this drug is not intended to be taken as a sleep aid.  This result could be because men who take viagra usually do so before sexual activity and the better sleep could be a result from the sex and not the drug.

Sexual stimulation is still required

This drug does not turn you on, however it makes it easier to get an erection after being turned on.  Many men try to hide the fact that they take viagra because they are shameful about this disorder, erectile dysfunction.  This drug only works if you are already turned on, it does not produce random erections.  Viagra is a drug which has helped many many men get back to their normal selves in the bedroom, and wherever else they get it on.

There should not be as much stigma surrounding men who need to take this drug as it is essential to some people to perform to the best of their abilities.  Viagra is certainly a lifesaving drug for many.

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Men's Health

3 Things That You Don’t Know about Erectile Dysfunction

Who Suffers From Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction – also referred to as impotence – is a condition in which a man may have difficulty getting an erection firm enough for sexual intercourse, or maintaining it long enough to ejaculate. Roughly half of Australian men aged 40 and older have some degree of erectile dysfunction, though they may be hesitant to speak about it. Unfortunately, keeping their health status a secret from their doctor will not do them any good in the bedroom and may also prevent them from finding an adequate solution. Men who have suffered from this condition are usually well aware of the stigma regarding a man who isn’t always ready for intercourse, not to mention the damage that can occur within relationships when a sexual partner feels unsatisfied or even unattractive to their lover, so there is usually a very high desire to change the situation even if someone is reluctant to get help.

Need Sex Help Soft Penis

Professional help

Before seeking professional help, it is advisable to take stock of the situation and determine whether or not the problem is temporary, easily fixable through lifestyle changes, or something that a physician needs to assist with. In some cases the underlying issue is something very simple, perhaps a problem with the relationship which would be remedied if the couple works on their problems together or even splits up and the two form relationships with other people. This is unfortunate, but in some cases it is a very easy remedy. Other times there may be outside stress contributing which could be anything from financial difficulties to deadlines at work.

Psychological factors

If there isn’t any real psychological pressure outside of the unsatisfactory erections, it is time to begin looking at lifestyle factors, something which can often be remedied at home without the aid of a doctor. Some of the most common causes of lifestyle-induced erection difficulties all pertain to substance abuse. Alcohol, as a nervous system depressant, can have the most immediate effects which are readily apparent when someone becomes too drunk for intercourse and cannot obtain an erection while inebriated. This can later translate into constant erectile difficulties, even while sober. Using other drugs, especially other depressants, has a very similar effect.

Smoking

The relationship between smoking and erectile problems is more complicated because smoking tobacco can cause two different issues which both contribute to weakening erections. The first and most obvious is the fact that smoking is bad for the heart and causes the arteries to narrow and gives similar results to high blood pressure in that regard.

The second factor is one many people do not know about: saltpeter. Saltpeter, also known as potassium nitrate, helps cigarettes to burn properly, but it also decreases the libido and makes it more difficult to get an erection. Regardless of the legality of these substances, they should be avoided for health reasons, and especially because of their impact on penile erection.

Obesity is the final lifestyle factor that contributes to erectile difficulties. Not only does being overweight damage blood vessels and make the heart work harder to circulate blood, it actually disrupts hormone levels by reducing the amount of testosterone because fat cells aromatize testosterone into estrogen.

Avoid if taking

If lifestyle changes do not produce the desired results, it may be time to speak with a doctor. Why is it important to be open with healthcare providers about less-than-satisfactory erections? Mostly because of the fact that treatment can – and usually does – improve the situation. There are some causes of erectile dysfunction which absolutely must be addressed by a physician, such as:

  • Hormonal Imbalances
  • Heart disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Kidney disease
  • Side-effects of medications

Severe cases

Unfortunately in rare cases there may be little which can be done to assist a man in getting firmer, longer-lasting erections. This can occur when there is damage to either the penis itself or the nerves and blood vessels responsible for blood flow to the area.

Sometimes it happens because there has been trauma to the pelvic region due to surgeries, accidents, or other injuries. While it is not typically seen, in some cases the man may have a condition known as Peyronie’s Disease, which causes scar tissue to develop within the penis and can sometimes even result in a very visible curvature which in some cases is so dramatic that even if an erection does become apparent, penetrative sex may be impossible to achieve.

Lifestyle

While it is advisable to make healthy lifestyle choices and, if necessary, seek the help of a physician, in some cases the best thing to be done is opening one’s mind to other possibilities and seeking out ways to be intimate that don’t depend entirely upon the penis. This is especially true at an advanced age, when erectile difficulties become more and more common and sometimes energy or mobility becomes limited so that other forms of intimacy hold increasing appeal. Rather than a race to achieve some pre-established goal, couples should decide together what feels most rewarding and enjoyable to them, at whatever stage of life they are enjoying together.

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Men's Health

Need help getting it on? Try these steps to improve your libido

How Low Libido Is Diagnosed And Treated

Everywhere in the world men suffer from low libido. In Australia it is also a problem that has affected the sexual health of men. But it is a condition that has a cure, in most cases our methods work to combat the lack of appetite and sexual desire. Three steps to diagnose low libido in men in Australia.

First step: Visit the doctor

In Australia there are specialists in andrology. Which are experts in reviewing men’s sexual health. This class of specialists can identify a variety of problems related to the penis and also indicate if the man has low libido.

Second step: Personal verification

Personal verification can be done simply by looking at attractive women for you. If you look at a woman and identify her as an attractive woman for your tastes, but you don’t feel any sexual attraction or desire, then it is likely that you have low libido. It is a fairly simple test that you can do at home with a computer or phone.

Penis

Third step: Identify these problems

This list of problems and conditions are the ones that most affect men in Australia and are the ones that can help you identify a problem with your libido. If you have 3 of these problems, you will most likely be a candidate for low libido treatment.

  • Lack of physical exercise
  • Unhealthy diet based on high sugar content
  • Work stress
  • Personal problems related to your partner
  • Lack of sleep
  • You are not taking vitamins or supplements
  • Excessive use of drugs and alcohol

Symptoms

Usually when a man has low libido, symptoms of a kind of personal depression that lead to fights between sentimental partners begin to appear. Please make sure your partner helps you to increase your libido when you start doing any of our methods. How to fight low libido in men in Australia effectively. After identifying yourself as a man who has low libido problems, the first thing you have to do is find a solution. We offer you this list of simple methods to follow and solve your low libido problem.

Vitamins and supplements

In Australia it is relatively easy to buy vitamins in pharmacies and online with a credit card. The number one supplement to combat low libido in men are natural herbs such as Yohimbine. This herb serves to make a Tea that provides a relaxation in the whole body and helps to have greater sexual desire. Other recommended vitamins and supplements:

Physical activity and quality exercise

In Australia there are more than 5000+ gyms throughout the country. Most are low cost and offer endless physical activities to increase libido thanks to weightlifting. Exercise makes testosterone levels rise in man. Other physical activities apart from the gym:

  • Walking long distances
  • Climb stairs, do not use the elevator
  • Avoid spending a lot of time sitting and more time standing

Change the diet

They say that this is one of the most difficult countries when it comes to treating low libido in men in Australia. But it’s really not that difficult. With a life with more physical activity, with more exercise, the body naturally begins to ask for more quality food and less sugar. The most important thing when changing to a healthier diet is knowing that you like to eat. Take out of your diet:

  • Processed sugar
  • Ice cream
  • Fried food
  • Unhealthy Burgers
  • Beer

Include in your diet:

  • Vegetables
  • Fat-free chicken and meat
  • Fish
  • Diet pasta
  • Integral rice

Work stress solution

This part is crucial to increase libido. If your work is very heavy, you have two realistic options: One is to look for another job, or the second is to find a way to make your work less heavy. Organization is key to finding a way to make your work less stressful. Things you can do to solve this situation:

  • Talk to your boss, tell him about the work stress you are suffering
  • Search the internet for a similar job with less workload
  • Organize yourself better, reduce working hours more effectively.

Try all the methods presented, they all work, but you are the one who must try how you can incorporate them into your life. Remember that everything will depend on your mental health to increase the libido in your body.

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Men's Health

Erectile Dysfunction: How to Avoid and Treat the Unhealthy Condition

Penis Problems

How Does Erectile Dysfunction Affect Men In Australia

A major topic among men is erectile dysfunction, yet it does not receive the amount of discussion it should. Aging is part of life and as we grow older our bodies start to malfunction. There are steps you can take to mitigate your physical decline with age but one thing you can’t control is erectile dysfunction. The grim reality is do men experience erectile dysfunction yet have kept it a closely guarded secret or do not seek professional help. It is important to not just try to find medication but to seek a doctor who can properly diagnose your condition. For example, some medications cannot be combined with others and erectile dysfunction medication can react severely with nitrates taken for chest pain.

What is erectile dysfunction

You must be very aware of what medications you are prescribed and if you have any kind of heart condition there is a risk you may not be able to take an erectile dysfunction medication like Viagra or Cialis. Most men however can benefit from taking Viagra if they are experiencing erectile dysfunction. When trying to explain exactly what erectile dysfunction is, you must first understand the chemical process behind it. Most people will be able to tell you that erectile dysfunction is when a man’s penis no longer gets hard, but they really don’t know much more beyond that. There is an interesting process behind getting an erection that involves chemicals in the body and enzymes.

How an erection works

When a man become sexually stimulated, a chemical process is triggered and the result is an erection. The process begins when a man becomes sexually stimulated and a reaction occurs in the brain sending chemical messages to the blood vessels in the penis. This causes the blood vessels carrying blood to the penis to expand allowing more blood and then is going out. Two areas of the penis called the corpus cavernosum will expand and fill with the blood that is coming in making the penis erect. When a man has erectile dysfunction, this process is interrupted by an enzyme that cancels the chemical message to the penis from the brain. This results in a frustrating experience of not being able to get any wrecked penis.

Erectile dysfunction can be a major inhibitor for couples sex life especially when they are trying to start a family.

Medications that don’t mix

If you have a heart condition or are taking medications including nitrates for chest pain you may be one of those men who cannot take erectile dysfunction medication like Viagra or Cialis. Do not worry, there are actually some natural remedies that can be quite effective. The first thing you should always do is consult your doctor about any problems you’re having, especially when it comes to your genital organs. That being said, you can always try a dose of L-arginine which can help widen blood vessels and improve the blood flow of the penis. There are some side effects of L-arginine such as cramps or diarrhea, but many men has had success with this approach. Another natural remedy known to help improve blood flow is called Ginkgo.

Alternative remedies

Ginkgo is described as having a positive effect on blood flow and is made from dried leaves of the maidenhair tree. It can also help with memory problems comet I health, and enhancement of cardiovascular systems. A root called Ginseng is also another natural remedy that shows promise for treating erectile dysfunction. There are several different types of Ginseng and the only side effect is having trouble sleeping. If you are willing to put up with a little insomnia, it is worth giving Ginseng a try. Horny goat weed, as its name suggests, has also been known to improve sexual performance. Horny goat weed is a herb sometimes taken to improve sexual function but there is very little research around it.

Pharmaceutical solutions

If you do decide to take a pharmaceutical approach to treating your erectile dysfunction you could consider taking an erectile dysfunction medication such as Viagra, Cialis, or Kamagra oral jelly. Speak with your doctor and seek a professional diagnosis and opinion about these medications first before trying to take them. They can be found at most pharmacies in Australia and even at some online pharmacies.

 

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Men's Health

Erectile Dysfunction (ED): How To Deal With It And Live A Full Life

Is there a rise in Erectile dysfunction in Australia?

Erectile dysfunction also know as ED, is a very common sex problem that men get as early as 30 years old! Doctors are reporting an increase in this serious issue around the world. Erectile dysfunction or ED can be defined as having trouble getting or keeping an erection that’s firm enough for sex. This can be referred to as a flaccid penis or “semi” for the onset of ED or in its early stages sometimes referred to as impotence. This does not mean you can not reach orgasm or ejaculation if you have ED it just becomes more and more difficult to achieve orgasm. 

Erectile Dysfunction Help

ED and Australia

In Australia, a study shows about 110,000 men above the age of 45 were reported to have ED in one form or another. 20% of this figure has complete erectile dysfunction. This is indeed alarming! Measures need to be taken earlier in life to avoid the onset of this problem. Exercise and a good diet is the first line of defense combating Erectile dysfunction. Though some of this disorder is contributed to genetics and hereditary in some cases. But studies show that the larger amount is contributed to things like smoking, poor diet, lack of exercise and a number of other contributing factors including prostate cancer. 

How ED is treated

The good news is this problem can be managed and even reversed in most cases. By increasing the blood flows into the penis will allow for an erection to occur. There are a number of ways to make this happen. medications like: Viagra, Cialis, Levitra, Stendra are often prescribed. But there are even more options! Things like Penile Implants! or Vacuum Erection Devices are options. However, some of these options may be highly invasive and in cases for older men may be life-threatening. Always get a second opinion from a qualified doctor in the field of Erectile dysfunction or urology when it comes to any kind of surgery. Never settle for the first prognoses. 

It is not rare for a man to have a problem with erections from time to time, this is normal. Erectile problems that are Progressive or happens routinely with sex is not normal and it should be treated or at the very least a visit to the doctor. In the case of prostate cancer catching something like this early can save or extend your life! Even if your not sexually active anymore or do not have any pains or problems urinating it is still wise to visit your doctor an have a blood test done just to be safe and even more important for men over the age of 45. 

Here is a list of some of the contributing factors:

  • Heart disease
  • Clogged blood vessels or better know as atherosclerosis
  • High cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Alcoholism and other forms of substance abuse
  • Diabetes
  • Metabolic syndrome, A condition involving increased blood pressure, high insulin levels, fat around the waist and high cholesterol
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Obesity
  • Prescription medications in some cases
  • Tobacco smoking 
  • Heart disease
  • Peyronie’s disease — development of scar tissue inside the penis
  • Sleep disorders
  • Treatments for prostate cancer or enlarged prostate
  • Surgeries and or injuries that affect the pelvic area and or spinal cord

Aerobics

This is a really good exercise that can be done without to much trouble. A study made by The American Journal of Cardiology shows that Aerobics may be a good choice that may help. It is low impact and easy to do.

Walking

In other studies, walking shows really good results in gaining control of Erectile dysfunction. Just 20 minutes of walking a day can show good results and increase blood flow through the body including the penis and keeping the vascular system up to par.

Exercises that are effective but see a physician

In closing, if you are experiencing any of the symptoms or signs described in this article, see your doctor right away! Even if you are absolutely sure you are OK it is always better to be safe then sorry. In most cases, your health care provider will cover some or all of the cost for simply visits and sometimes surgery if needed. Contact your health care provider for more information.

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Men's Health

Prostate Cancer: When Will Science Eradicate It Entirely

Prostate Cancer And How It’s Treated

One of the major cancer concerns men will face is prostate cancer. Specifically, this cancer is found in the gland known as the prostate. The prostate gland is located near the bladder and is the size of a walnut. It produces seminal fluid and carries the semen. This cancer affects more than three million people in the United States and according to the

First Signs

Prostate Cancer Foundation of Australia, one in seven men will be diagnosed with this disease. Knowing the first signs of prostate cancer, the fundamentals of determining its presence and what can be done to treat it are some of the basics in addressing this disease. Catching any cancer early is essential and that is no different for prostate cancer. In the early stages, it is easy to treat. Initially, symptoms are insignificant, but as it advances, signs begin developing. These symptoms can include difficulty urinating such as the flow being reduced. Blood showing up in the semen, difficulty maintaining or achieving an erection, bone pain and pelvic tenderness are further symptoms or signs of advancing prostate cancer.

Can't Get An ErectionPrognosis Prostate Cancer

Diagnosis

At first signs of the previously mentioned symptoms, it is recommended that a person see their doctor. There are two standard screening tests, the digital rectal exam and prostate antigen test through a blood test. Diagnosing cancer is done through an ultrasound, MRI and a biopsy of the gland itself. According to the Mayo Clinic, the best method is a collaboration of these three options. Once the disease presence is determined the next course of action is to determine treatment.

Treatment options

There are many methods to treat this disease and in some cases, no treatment immediately is necessary. In other situations, surgery is needed immediately. Robots are frequently used for surgery due to their precision when making the incision in the abdomen. This procedure of removing the entire prostate gland and surrounding lymph nodes is not without risks. Permanent urinary complications and erectile dysfunction are common problems with the surgery. Surgery does not always guarantee that every cancer cell has been removed.

Radiation

Radiation is the next option that has the purpose of killing the cancerous cells. It is provided through two means. Externally through a high powered beam aimed at the site of the prostate or internally through a device the size of a grain of rice placed near the gland location. This is called brachytherapy. This last method provides a low dose of radiation on a slow-release. As with most treatments, there are side effects that include erectile dysfunction, diarrhea, and urinary pain.

Hormone therapy

Another method of treatment is hormone therapy. This treatment causes a person’s body to stop producing testosterone. Stopping the production of testosterone inhibits the feeding and supplements to the cancer cells, which results in their death. There are medications designed to stop the production of testosterone as well as surgery to remove the entire testes. Some newer medications can stop the hormone from reaching the cancer cells.

Cryosurgery

Cryosurgery is a form of surgery that freezes the tissue to kill the cancerous cells. This is an ultrasound-guided surgery where needles are properly placed and gasses are supplied to go directly to the site. Then, they freeze the tissue and reverse it to “thaw” it back to the proper temperature. This is a procedure that is becoming more commonly used.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is used most commonly to treat cancers that have spread from their original site. it is provided through veins in IV form or as a pill. These are strong medications that will kill most cancer cells and are cancer-specific.

Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy uses the person’s own body to kill the cancerous cells. The person’s immune system is boosted by taking some of their own cells and genetically engineering them in a lab, then placing them back into their body to fight the cancer cells. According to the Mayo Clinic, this is used frequently in advanced and recurring cancer.

Alternative treatments

According to most sources, there are no effective alternative therapies that work for treatment. However, there is a belief that they do help when used to support traditional treatment. Many find that the use of music, art, prayer, and conversation helps with the coping of facing the disease treatment. Effectively treating this disease is based initially on early discovery, so it is recommended to see your doctor on a prescribed basis due to a person’s likeliness to contract prostate cancer.

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Men's Health

Don’t Wait Until It’s Too Late For The Prostate: A Detailed Look At Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer Among Men

Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in the prostate: a small nut-shaped gland in men that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. This disease affects one in five men. The signs that you can suffer from this disease are:

  • Weak or interrupted urine flow
  • Sudden urge to urinate
  • Frequent need to urinate (especially at night)
  • Difficulty starting the flow of urine
  • Difficulty emptying the bladder completely
  • Pain or burning when urinating
  • Blood in the urine or semen
  • Back, hip or pelvic pain that does not go away
  • Shortness of breath, very tired, fast heartbeat, dizziness or pale skin due to anemia

There are some tests that can identify this serious disease

Physical exam and history: An exam of the body to check the general state of health and identify any signs of illness, such as masses or anything else that seems abnormal. Data are also taken on the health habits and the history of previous illnesses and treatments.

Finasteride

  • Digital rectal exam (EDR): The doctor or nurse inserts a finger covered by a lubricated glove into the rectum to palpate the prostate through the rectum wall and detect lumps or abnormal areas.
  • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test: a laboratory test that measures PSA levels in the blood. PSA is a substance that is produced mostly in the prostate; Sometimes it is found in greater amounts in the blood of men who have prostate cancer. It is possible that PSA levels are also high in men who have an infection or inflammation of the prostate, or have benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH; enlarged prostate, but not cancerous).
  • Transrectal ultrasound: A procedure where a finger-sized probe is inserted into the rectum to examine the prostate. The probe is used to bounce high-energy sound waves (ultrasound) into tissues or internal organs and create echoes. The echoes form an image of body tissues called ultrasound. It is possible to use transrectal ultrasound during a biopsy. This is called a transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy.
  • Transrectal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): a procedure that uses a magnet, radio waves, and a computer to create a series of detailed images of internal areas of the body. A probe is inserted through the rectum that emits radio waves near the prostate. This helps the MRI machine make clearer images of the prostate and surrounding tissue. Transrectal MRI is done to determine if cancer has spread outside the prostate to nearby tissues. This procedure is also called nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Sometimes transrectal MRI is also used during a biopsy. In that case, it is called transrectal MRI guided biopsy. Some factors affect the likelihood of recovery such as:

The stage of cancer (PSA concentration, Gleason score, grade group, parts of the prostate with cancer and if cancer has spread to other parts of the body).

The patient’s age

If the cancer was recently diagnosed or recurred (returned)
The causes of this disease are not yet clear to specialists, the information they handle is that prostate cancer begins when some cells in the prostate become abnormal. Abnormal cell DNA mutations cause them to grow and divide more rapidly than normal cells. Abnormal cells continue to live when other cells would die. The accumulation of abnormal cells forms a tumor that can grow and invade nearby tissue. In addition, some abnormal cells may break off and spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body.

Risk factors

Age: It is very likely that elderly people will increase the probability of having prostate cancer

Family history: If any man in your family had prostate cancer, your risk may be higher. Also, if you have a family history of genes that increase your risk of breast cancer (BRCA1 or BRCA2) or a significant family history of breast cancer, your risk of having prostate cancer may be higher.

Obesity: Obese men with prostate cancer may be more likely to develop the disease at an advanced stage that is more difficult to treat.

How to prevent prostate cancer

Follow a healthy diet with lots of fruits and vegetables. Avoid foods high in fat and, instead, focus on choosing a variety of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Fruits and vegetables contain many vitamins and nutrients that can help improve your health. Choose healthy foods instead of supplements. There are no studies that have shown that supplements play a role in reducing the risk of prostate cancer. Better, choose foods rich in vitamins and minerals so you can maintain healthy levels of vitamins in the body. Exercise most days of the week. Exercise improves overall health, helps you maintain weight and improves your mood. There is some evidence that men who do not exercise have higher levels of specific prostate antigen, while men who exercise may have a lower risk of prostate cancer.

Exercise

Try to exercise most days of the week. If you have never exercised, start slowly and gradually increase the exercise time each day.
Maintain a healthy weight. If your current weight is healthy, work to keep it exercising most days of the week. If you need to lose weight, increase the amount of exercise and reduce the number of calories you eat daily. Ask your doctor to help you create a healthy weight loss plan.
Ask your doctor about the increased risk of prostate cancer. Men who are at high risk for prostate cancer may consider taking medications or doing other treatments to reduce their risk. Some studies indicate that taking 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors, including finasteride (Propecia, Proscar) and dutasteride (Avodart), may reduce the overall risk of getting prostate cancer. These medications are taken to control the enlargement of the prostate gland and hair loss in men. However, some evidence indicates that men who take these medications may be at a higher risk of having a more severe form of prostate cancer (high-grade prostate cancer). If you are worried about your risk of getting prostate cancer, talk to your doctor.

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Men's Health

Do I Have Prostate Cancer? How to Detect Prostate Cancer and What Your Next Steps Should Be

Bathroom Breaks

Prostate cancer has become a very large problem for men. The prostate gland is an organ that is only found inside of males.

While there are many reasons for prostate cancer, but it is a medical problem that affects millions of men every single year.

Determinations

To determine if you have prostate cancer, doctors will have to use a camera to look inside the rectum and find your prostate. A doctor or medical practitioner will determine if there are any cysts or growths that could prove deleterious to your health.

Doctors who specialize in spotting these types of cancers are looking for growths that could be cancerous. Cancer cells are cells that can grow uncontrollably, which can spread throughout the rest of the body.

Treat Prostate Cancer

That’s why having this form of cancer can be very dangerous for men. These cancer cells in the prostate that are growing and taking over the rest of the body are the same cells that helped the prostate to function!

Even though there are growths in the prostate, it doesn’t mean that they are cancerous. They can be benign growths, meaning the masts of cells are not cancerous, or malignant. Benign growths are not considered to be a direct danger to the life of the patient like cancer cells would be.

Benign cells are not trying to invade the other tissues in your body. However, cancer cells spread their DNA throughout the body, which is why the aggressive form of cancers can result in death. These cells work to convert all other cells to cancerous ones. Cancerous cells can spread fast by replicating.

Thus, it is important to receive regular checkups to prevent any unwanted growths in the prostate or anywhere else in the body. Unfortunately, the smallest lumps in the body could be cancerous cells.

Antibiotics and Cancer Treatments

Regarding cancer and the idea of using antibiotics to treat cancer, a big question that is asked is whether antibiotics or the immune system as a whole could fight off the cancerous cells. Unfortunately, antibiotics cannot treat cancer.

Cancer cells and normal body cells act the same. So, if a patient took antibiotics to fight off the cancerous cells, the end result would be you killing off your normal cells.

The other solution that people think of, which is completely wrong, is the premise that the immune system can fight the cancer cells.

Cancer cells are the same as normal cells in this regard. Your body’s immune system is unable to detect how they can be dangerous to the body. The immune system sees cancer cells as the same as normally functioning ones.

The body cannot fight off the cancer with medicine or antibiotics. And treatments for prostate cancer vary. Treatments that have been developed and applied will depend on the aggressiveness of the cancerous cells and the stage that the cancer cells are in.

If it is caught early enough, doctors and surgeons can actually remove the cancerous cells before they spread in the body. While surgery may be a temporary solution, it can delay the cancer cells spreading.

If there are some cancer cells left in the body after surgery, these cells won’t be able to grow as quickly and spread. However, any cancer cells that linger after surgery could eventually grow back.

Patients who have cancer cells in the prostate will require chemotherapy and dangerous radiation treatments. Radiation is a great way to destroy the cancerous cells but it also destroys the normal cells, which can prove problematic.

Unfortunately, patients who undergo radiation treatments are choosing a last resort option. That is why it is important to receive regular prostate examinations and consult with your doctor to prevent such cancers from appearing.

While prostate cancer usually affects men over the age of 50, it is important to consult with your doctor about setting up a plan to receive prostate examinations and discussing any history of prostate cancer in your immediate family.

It is important that your primary care physician to catch these cancerous cells early enough to prevent them from taking over the body and causing imminent death. Indeed, Doctors are able to catch small growths and treat them before they become cancerous.

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Men's Health

What is thr most common cancer found only in men?

Blood In Urine

Prostate cancer in Australia

 

As we end the year of 2019 in Australia, it is estimated that there would have been a total of 19,508 new cases of men being diagnosed with prostate cancer by the close of the year. This makes up about 25 percent of all the new prostate cancer cases diagnosed in 2019 across the world. It is believed that the total number of deaths resulting from prostate cancer is about 3,306 men. Of these reported deaths in Australia, this accounts for about 12 percent of the deaths across the world. Once a man is diagnosed with prostate cancer, he has a 95 percent chance of at least surviving 5 years post-diagnosis. It is estimated that among the Australian populations, there are about 90,354 men living with prostate cancer that has been diagnosed within a 5 year period.

Proton Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer rates

 

Prostate cancer remains the most diagnosed cancer among all cancers in Australia, this is also true about cancer being diagnosed in men. Most cancers diagnosed in men are of prostate cancer. In 2019, prostate cancer has become the second most diagnosed cancer and definitely the most common among the male population. By the time a man turns the age of 85, he has a 1 in 6 chance of being diagnosed with prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is very common among older men. About 63 percent of the men who are diagnosed with prostate cancer are age 65 and older. The general rate among Australian men for the diagnosis of prostate cancer is about 141 cases per 100,000 men. The chances that a man will develop prostate cancer increase as the man ages. The highest number of prostate cancer diagnosis are usually seen in the age range of 65 to 69 and 70 to 74 years of age.

 

Diagnosis

 

Over the past 30 years, prostate cancer diagnosis has increased by about 6 fold. Taking this into consideration, prostate cancer has shown to be the third most frequent cancers to die from in Australia and the second most common cause of cancer death among Australian men. It is assumed that prostate cancer will hold its place among the general population and men for Australia’s death occurrence. The risk associated with a man having prostate cancer in Australia and dying by his 85th birthday is moderate. The rate of death at age 85 is about 1 out of every 35 men. More and more men are dying from prostate cancer. The number of deaths is growing as we observe over a 50 year period and the number of deaths has almost quadrupled, consequently this shows a rate decrease in deaths considering the number of men diagnosed has increased 6 fold over a similar time period.

 

Survival rate

 

The promising factor if prostate cancer is that men diagnosed with prostate cancer have a 95 percent chance of surviving after they have been diagnosed. Since the occurrence of prostate cancer risk increases over time, much can be said about the survival rate from prostate cancer. Over a 30 year period, the prostate cancer survival rate has improved from 59 to a 95 percent chance of survival.

 

Early warning signs

 

Prostate cancer is much like the other cancers we have come to know. It develops and is recognized when cells become abnormal in the prostate gland and they subsequently grow faster than the normal cells, which lead to the formation of a tumor. Early stages of prostate cancer incorporate the growth of cancer cells but they usually do not show to have spread outside the prostate. This also makes early signs of prostate cancer harder to detect as there are no tests available to provide an accurate screen for early prostate cancer cells. Prostate cancer has two stages in its advanced state. One of the advanced stages involves cancer cell growth in the prostate and in other distant parts of the body. The other stage is the prostate cancer cells spread to other close glands near the prostate.

The symptoms that normally indicate that there is a problem that should be looked into are:

  • Frequent urination, (especially at night)
  • Pain during urination
  • Blood in the urine
  • Back or pelvic pain
  • Decrease in the pressure of the urine during urination

 

Risk increases with age

 

Sometimes when prostate cancer has spread so far throughout the body unexplained weight loss, pain and exhaustion are observed.
Developing prostate cancer is never an intentional thing, rather there are some factors that may heighten a man’s chances of developing the illness. Some contributing factors may include the natural aging process for men over the age of 50 years old, family history of sex organ cancers, diets that are high in fat content, lower uptake of vegetables and fruits, and high levels of testosterone.

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Men's Health

What’s new in prostate cancer detection, prevention and treatment

Prostate cancer poses a risk for men

 

Prostate cancer arises when neoplastic tissue forms inside the prostate gland, in the lower part of the body of a man. Early prostate cancer can grow slowly inside the prostate and often without any significant symptoms. It may remain in this form for years before becoming more aggressive and won’t spread beyond the originating organ in this phase. Advanced phases of prostate cancer, on the other hand, have a fast growth rate and cancer will start to spread in the neighboring tissues and organs. In its most aggressive form, cancer goes through a rapid metastasis and the cancer cells will spread all over the body creating secondary tumors even in distant organs.

 

In Australia, prostate cancer is the second most common form of cancer in men after skin cancer. Around 14% of males develop this tumor by the age of 85. As stated before, symptoms may be present in earlier stages or they may not. Among the symptoms, a patient may experience a changed urgency in the need to urinate as well as some difficulties in doing this physiological function in general. There may be blood in the semen or urine and sometimes local pain can also be a symptom of prostate cancer.

Prostate Cancer Treatment

Risk and heredity

 

Prostate cancer can be a familial trait so is very important to understand that if a male relative has developed prostate cancer there is a major risk of contracting it. It’s also an aging disease, with an increased risk of developing prostate cancer as a man gets older. Other risk factors associated with prostate cancer but not well understood yet are the consumption of food rich in fats and processed meat combined with a sedentary lifestyle.

 

Diagnoses

 

Diagnoses of Prostate cancer is conducted via Biopsy: by removing a small sample of tissue and then analyzing it. Before making the decision to have a bioptic examination, doctors require an examination to analyze if indicators of ongoing cancer are present. The first step is the PSA test. PSA or “Prostate-Specific Antigen”, is a protein that increases in the bloodstream when there is an inflammation in the prostate. Typically, men without prostate tumors have a PSA value under four nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL), men with values between 4 and 10 ng/Ml have a chance of 25% to have prostate cancer, while higher values can lead to percentages around the 50%. Thus if the blood test values are higher of 4 ng/mL subsequent investigation is necessary to exclude the presence of cancer.

 

PSA test

 

The PSA test is also used to determine the stage, Gleason grade and whether it is likely to respond to treatment in patients affected by prostate cancer. When the PSA test is positive, a practitioner can conduct a digital rectal examination for further investigation. DRE exams consist of an inspection conducted manually by a doctor inside the rectum, to inspect abnormalities or eventual hard spots in the gland. Only after this examination a doctor may recommend a biopsy for a reliable diagnose.

 

Biopsy

 

A biopsy is an invasive examination and for some time after the procedure, it’s necessary to take antibiotic prophylaxis. It is also possible to have bleeding from the rectum and changes in the color of the semen for a few weeks. It’s always possible to have a false-negative, so in accord with standard procedure with other test results, it may advisable to retake biopsy for certain cases.

 

Prostate cancer in Australia

 

In Australia, there isn’t a national prostate screening program like there are for other types of cancer, so it is up to the patient to take tests accordingly with the risk factors in their profile. Talking with a doctor can help assess the benefits and costs of these exams. When prostate cancer is diagnosed by a biopsy, oncologists assign a grade to it by looking at the overall appearance of the neoplastic tissue under a microscope. The main system used all over the world is the Gleason score system. A number from 2 to 10 is assigned to describe the grade of the main part of the tumor and that of a less predominant one. Thus two numbers from 1 to 5 are added to give the final Gleason result. Based on this grading, prostate cancer can be low grade, intermediate grade, and high grade. The lesser the grade, the better the prognosis is for the patient, while higher grades indicate the cancer is more aggressive and prone to spreading out of the prostate gland.

 

A hopeful prognosis

The prognoses of a patient with prostate cancer are generally better in cases with low-grade tumors but today survival rates are at the highest they have been in five years. In Australia, it is estimated that more than 3,300 male patients died from prostate cancer with chances of survival after 5 years being as high as 95%. Prostate cancer today is treated very effectively, with better performing surgical solutions and with the development of new treatment systems that have dramatically increased the number of survivors and their quality of life.